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Cotton farmers hit hard in Andhra Pradesh as CCI yet to enter market, ensure MSP

2021-12-06 10:52:31
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Cotton farmers hit hard in Andhra Pradesh as CCI yet to enter market, ensure MSP

The cotton farmers in the state are being exploited heavily this year, as the Cotton Corporation of India (CCI) is yet to enter the market. The private players in the market are offering throwaway price to the farmers, denying minimum support price (MSP) offered by the state government. 

This year, the CCI had announced an MSP of Rs 6,250 per quintal, while the market price now is just Rs 4,500 to Rs 5,500. The price is offered at the whims and fancies of the private buyers in the absence of the CCI in the market. The price which was around Rs 9,000 per quintal in the beginning of the season had come down to Rs 4,500 now. The private buyers are rejecting the yield at the market platforms on the grounds of quality, particularly discolour. 

The cotton is cultivated in 6.06 lakh hectors, which is close to 15 lakh acres, this year, with an estimated yield of 19 lakh bales (84.5 lakh quintals) at a productivity rate of 536 kg per hectare, according to the reports of the Agriculture Market Intelligence Centre of Acharya NG Ranga Agriculture University. 

While the entire country was estimated to produce 371 lakh bales of cotton from 129.57 lakh hectors in this season, Andhra Pradesh contributes 19 lakh bales. Interestingly, Andhra Pradesh is one of the third highest cotton producing state in the country, after Maharashtra and Gujarat.

AP is a part of the Cotton Basket of India, including Maharashtra, Gujarat and Telangana, which collectively contribute two-thirds country’s cotton production. 

Cotton is produced in Kurnool, Guntur, Anantapur, Krishna and Prakasam districts, the top five districts in terms of area of cultivation and production. The price which was around Rs 6,000 per quintal in July 2020 had come down to Rs 2,500 in August 2020 and currently fluctuates around Rs 4,500 to Rs 5000 per quintal at the Adoni market in Kurnool district. 

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